Unit Group

0422 School principals and administrators of elementary and secondary education

School principals plan, organize, direct, control and evaluate the activities of teachers and other staff of an elementary or secondary school. They are employed by public and private schools. Administrators of elementary and secondary education plan, organize, direct, control and evaluate the academic affairs of a school system. They are employed by school boards.

Example Titles

administrator, board of education
chief superintendent – schools
director of education, correctional institution
director of school for the hearing impaired
district school superintendent
headmaster/mistress, private school
school principal
secondary school principal
superintendent of elementary education
superintendent of secondary schools
superintendent of special education
vice-principal, school

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Main duties


School principals perform some or all of the following duties:
  • Plan, organize, direct, control and evaluate, through department heads or supervisors, the activities of teachers and support staff
  • Review programs to ensure conformance to school board or provincial standards and develop programs within limits of authority
  • Co-ordinate teaching activities of the institution by making personnel assignments, determining class size and preparing timetables
  • Organize and maintain procedures for the keeping of records
  • Prepare and administer institution or program budget
  • Direct and co-ordinate school maintenance services and the use of school facilities
  • May recruit and hire teachers and other staff
  • May teach.

  • Administrators of elementary and secondary education perform some or all of the following duties:
  • Plan, organize, direct, control and evaluate, through school principals, the academic affairs of a school district
  • Evaluate curriculum, teaching methods and community participation in programs for a school district and revise programs as required
  • Develop and administer programs for the education and training of students and adults
  • Make recommendations concerning the annual operating budget of a school district
  • Direct or supervise the recruitment, appointment, training, evaluation and promotion of teaching personnel.

Employment requirements

  • A bachelor's degree in education is required.
  • A master's degree in education may be required.
  • Several years of experience as a senior teacher or department head are required.
  • A teacher's certificate for the province of employment is required.
  • School principals may require a principal's certificate.
  • Administrators of elementary and secondary education may require a supervisory officer certificate.

Additional information

  • There is little mobility between institutional settings, for example, between elementary and secondary schools.

Classified elsewhere

  • Administrators - post-secondary education and vocational training (0421)
  • Education policy researchers, consultants and program officers (4166)
  • Government managers - education policy development and program administration (0413)
  • Senior managers - health, education, social and community services and membership organizations (0014)

Classification Structure - 0